The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from 1771 to 1790; however, Franklin himself appears to have called the work his Memoirs. Although it had a tortuous publication history after Franklin's death, this work has become one of the most famous and influential examples of an autobiography ever written.Franklin's account of his life is divided into four parts, reflecting the different periods at which he wrote them. There are actual breaks in the narrative between the first three parts, but Part Three's narrative continues into Part Four without an authorial break (only an editorial one).
Active Table of Contents / Pristine Manuscript.Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League institution.Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity, initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies. As the first United States Ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation.Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment. In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager, "In a Franklin could be merged the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat."To Walter Isaacson, this makes Franklin "the most accomplished American of his age and the most influential in inventing the type of society America would become."Franklin became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the leading city in the colonies, publishing the Pennsylvania Gazette at the age of 23. He became wealthy publishing this and Poor Richard's Almanack, which he authored under the pseudonym "Richard Saunders". After 1767, he was associated with the Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of the British policies.He pioneered and was first president of The Academy and College of Philadelphia which opened in 1751 and later became the University of Pennsylvania. He organized and was the first secretary of the American Philosophical Society and was elected president in 1769. Franklin became a national hero in America as an agent for several colonies when he spearheaded an effort in London to have the Parliament of Great Britain repeal the unpopular Stamp Act. An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco-American relations. His efforts proved vital for the American Revolution in securing shipments of crucial munitions from France.He was promoted to deputy postmaster-general for the British colonies in 1753, having been Philadelphia postmaster for many years, and this enabled him to set up the first national communications network. During the Revolution, he became the first US Postmaster General. He was active in community affairs and colonial and state politics, as well as national and international affairs. From 1785 to 1788, he served as governor of Pennsylvania. He initially owned and dealt in slaves but, by the 1750s, he argued against slavery from an economic perspective and became one of the most prominent abolitionists.His colorful life and legacy of scientific and political achievement, and his status as one of America's most influential Founding Fathers have seen Franklin honored more than two centuries after his death on coinage and the $100 bill, warships, and the names of many towns, counties, educational institutions, and corporations, as well as countless cultural references.
Découvrez nos nouveautés sur Twitter https://twitter.com/BibliothequeHG ET Facebook https://www.facebook.com/BibliothequehgEXTRAIT:Ami Lecteur,J’ai ouï dire que rien ne fait autant de plaisir à un auteur, que de voir ses ouvrages cités avec vénération par d’autres savans écrivains. Il m’est rarement arrivé de jouir de ce plaisir ; car, quoique je puisse dire, sans vanité, que, depuis un quart de siècle, je me suis fait annuellement un nom distingué parmi les auteurs (d’almanachs), il ne m’est guère arrivé, j’ignore pour quel motif, de voir mes confrères les écrivains dans le même genre, m’honorer de quelques éloges, ni aucun auteur faire la moindre mention de moi ; de sorte que, sans le petit profit effectif que j’ai fait sur mes productions, la disette d’applaudissemens m’aurait totalement découragé.
Blessed with enormous talents and the energy and ambition to go with them, Franklin was a statesman, author, inventor, printer, and scientist. He helped draft the Declaration of Independence and later was involved in negotiating the peace treaty with Britain that ended the Revolutionary War. He also invented bifocals, a stove that is still manufactured, a water-harmonica, and the lightning rod.Franklin's extraordinary range of interests and accomplishments are brilliantly recorded in his Autobiography, considered one of the classics of the genre. Covering his life up to his prewar stay in London as representative of the Pennsylvania Assembly, this charming self-portrait recalls Franklin's boyhood, his determination to achieve high moral standards, his work as a printer, experiments with electricity, political career, experiences during the French and Indian War, and more. Related in an honest, open, unaffected style, this highly readable account offers a wonderfully intimate glimpse of the Founding Father sometimes called "the wisest American."
The complete text--with llustrations old and new
by Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Published [190-?]
The complete text--with llustrations old and new
Extrai:J’ai ouï dire que rien ne fait autant de plaisir à un auteur, que de voir ses ouvrages cités avec vénération par d’autres savans écrivains. Il m’est rarement arrivé de jouir de ce plaisir ; car, quoique je puisse dire, sans vanité, que, depuis un quart de siècle, je me suis fait annuellement un nom distingué parmi les auteurs (d’almanachs), il ne m’est guère arrivé, j’ignore pour quel motif, de voir mes confrères les écrivains dans le même genre, m’honorer de quelques éloges, ni aucun auteur faire la moindre mention de moi ; de sorte que, sans le petit profit effectif que j’ai fait sur mes productions, la disette d’applaudissemens m’aurait totalement découragé.J’ai conclu à la fin que le meilleur juge de mon mérite était le peuple, puisqu’il achetait mon almanach, d’autant plus qu’en me répandant dans le monde, sans être connu, j’ai souvent entendu répéter par celui-ci ou celui-là quelqu’un de mes adages, en ajoutant toujours à la fin : comme dit le bonhomme Richard. Cela m’a fait quelque plaisir, et m’a prouvé que non-seulement on faisait cas de mes leçons, mais qu’on avait encore quelque respect pour mon autorité ; et j’avoue que, pour encourager d’autant plus le monde à se rappeler mes maximes et à les répéter, il m’est arrivé quelquefois de me citer moi-même du ton le plus grave. Jugez d’après cela combien je dus être content d’une aventure que je vais vous rapporter.Je m’arrêtai l’autre jour à cheval dans un endroit où il y avait beaucoup de monde assemblé pour une vente publique. L’heure n’étant pas encore venue, la compagnie causait sur la dureté des temps ; et quelqu’un s’adressant à un personnage en cheveux blancs, et assez bien mis, lui dit : « Et vous, père Abraham, que pensez-vous de ce temps-ci ? N’êtes-vous pas d’avis que la pesanteur des impositions finira par détruire ce pays-ci de fond en comble ? car, comment faire pour les payer ? quel parti voudriez-vous qu’on prît là-dessus ? » Le père Abraham fut quelque temps à réfléchir, et répliqua : « Si vous voulez savoir ma façon de penser, je vais vous la dire en peu de mots : car pour l’homme bien avisé, il ne faut que peu de paroles. Ce n’est pas la quantité de mots qui remplit le boisseau : comme dit le bonhomme Richard. Tout le monde se réunit pour engager le père Abraham à parler, et l’assemblée s’étant approchée en cercle autour de lui, il tint le discours suivant :...
This new edition of Benjamin Franklin’s The Way to Wealth draws upon the authoritative text first published in the early nineteenth century. The original images from the timeless publication have been recovered and placed within this new text, bringing the original writings of Franklin fully into their historical context. For further authenticity, the text – including archaisms – has been preserved as Franklin wrote it. The sayings introduced and promoted by Benjamin Franklin in this book promote a good work ethic and wise attitude to life and wealth. The aphorisms and lessons within this short text are consistent with the life of Franklin, whose multi-faceted career spanned the fields of inventing, public service, activism, diplomacy and the sciences. Rather than speak the words directly, Franklin draws upon a character – Poor Richard – as a surrogate person who acts upon his lessons. By following the advice herein, Richard is no longer so poor and has begun to accumulate wealth thanks to being responsible and diligent in both work and leisure, combined with frugality. The words exemplify the Protestant work ethic for which Franklin would become recognised posthumously by economic thinkers such as Max Weber. Much of the wisdom herein is timeless and imbued by the life experience of the Founding Father himself. Despite the archaic imagery and wording, it is possible to gain insight and inspiration in work from this book even today. Were such a text updated and authored for the modern day, we might refer to it as something of a ‘self-help’ guide – to Franklin however, these words were simple good sense.
The complete text--with llustrations old and new
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly referred to as the Articles of Confederation, was the first constitution of the thirteen United States of America. The Second Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft the 'Articles' in June 1776 and proposed the draft to the States for ratification in November 1777. The ratification process was completed in March 1781, legally federating the sovereign and independent states, allied under the Articles of Association, into a new federation styled the "United States of America". Under the Articles the states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions not specifically relinquished to the central government.
The complete text--with illustrations old and new
The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from 1771 to 1790; however, Franklin himself appears to have called the work his Memoirs. Although it had a tortuous publication history after Franklin's death, this work has become one of the most famous and influential examples of an autobiography ever written.
Poor Richard's Almanack (sometimes Almanac) was a yearly almanac published by Benjamin Franklin, who adopted the pseudonym of "Poor Richard" or "Richard Saunders" for this purpose. The publication appeared continually from 1732 to 1758. It sold exceptionally well for a pamphlet published in the American colonies; print runs reached 10,000 per year.Franklin, the American inventor, statesman, and publisher, achieved success with Poor Richard's Almanack. Almanacks were very popular books in colonial America, offering a mixture of seasonal weather forecasts, practical household hints, puzzles, and other amusements. Poor Richard's Almanack was also popular for its extensive use of wordplay, and some of the witty phrases coined in the work survive in the contemporary American vernacular.Benjamin Franklin first published the Almanac under the name of "Richard Saunders" in 1732 and continued for 25 years.
Autobiography of Benjamin Franklinby Benjamin FranklinPublished 1921
The Essays, Humorous, Moral and Literary of the Late Dr. Benjamin Franklinby Benjamin FranklinPublished 1811
Autobiographiepar Benjamin Franklinpublié 1895
The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics, and Morals, of the Late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Now ...by Benjamin FranklinPublished 1806
The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from 1771 to 1790; however, Franklin himself appears to have called the work his Memoirs. Although it had a tortuous publication history after Franklin's death, this work has become one of the most famous and influential examples of an autobiography ever written. Franklin's account of his life is divided into four parts, reflecting the different periods at which he wrote them. There are actual breaks in the narrative between the first three parts, but Part Three's narrative continues into Part Four without an authorial break (only an editorial one).
by Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Published 1914